January 16, 2018

What Is Vacuum Compression Therapy? Know Everything About It

A vacuum Compression therapy device was constructed to treat the peripheral circulatory disorders metabolism stagnation and tropic changes in extremities of the arterial, venous, neurocirculatory, post-traumatic load, diabetic, or geriatric origin effectively. The vacuum-compression unit comprises a plexiglass chamber that is connected to a compressor. It functions by providing a timed alteration of positive and negative pressures at a selectable range of intensities. The erudite believes that VCT systems improve the total blood flow and oxygenation.

Components of the device:

  • Rubber cuff
  • Pressure monitor
  • Vacuum Chamber
  • Compressor unit

The Functioning

The positive and negative cadences help in improving the circulation. In order to increase the volume of an elastic vessel, a vacuum force is applied on its outer wall. The difference between the negative and positive pressure is that in the negative pressure phase force is exerted on the extremities and its vessels. However, in the positive pressure phase, venous drainage is provided. It is this synchronization of the negative and positive pressures that increases arterial and capillary circulation and better venous drainage. As you may have noticed, this isn’t your typical guide on vacuum cleaners you use in your home, this is completely different!

The Procedure of Application

The patient’s extremity is placed carefully inside the plexiglass chamber of the vacuum compression device, uncovered up to mid-thigh. Selection of the rubber cuff is based on the size of the mid-thigh/mid-arm circumference of the individual patient to ensure tight fitting.

The patients are, however, informed at the beginning of the feeling they will witness. During the negative pressure phase, there is a pulling force whereas during the positive pressure phase a pushing force is observed.

Applicable Fields

The fields where vacuum compression therapy is applied are:

  • Balneology
  • Angiology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Traumatology
  • Preventive medicine and Anti-aging medicine
  • Dermatology
  • Cosmetic medicine
  • Sports medicine

Possible Side Effects

There are only a few side effects which include temporary tingling sensation and numbness. The positive results achieved by vacuum compression therapy outweigh these slight and temporary side effects.

VCT is deployed in many treatments few of which include:

Vacuum Compression therapy has an effect on the skin microcirculation of patients who suffer from lower limb ischemia

The total skin perfusion and oxygenation of the patients only slightly improve, whereas there is no effect on the nutritive microcirculation which is the essential factor among the ischaemic symptoms. It can, therefore, be concluded that vacuum compression therapy does not aid in the treatment of lower limb ischemia.

The Effect of Vacuum Compression Therapy On Healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers 

Diabetic foot ulcers are a grave complication of chronic diabetes mellitus, a reason why patients with ulcers are made to stay in the hospital longer. However, with the help of vacuum compression therapy, it was seen that the surface of the foot ulcer reduced, and the improvement ratio was great more than the conventional therapy. The slow recovery in diabetic ulcer is due to vascular insufficiency and decreased blood flow. There are many other reasons for the delayed recovery. Nevertheless, VCT has proved to be helpful in wound healing by the negative and positive pressure.